Focuses on all environmental impacts on land (e.g., biodiversity, deforestation, solid waste disposal, soil pollution, land degradation and rehabilitation).
Firms are responsible for the impact of its activities on the land and terrestrial habitats, with potential impacts from generating waste and siting facilities including soil pollution, deforestation, and habitat destruction that threatens biodiversity and undermines public health. Hazardous and non-hazardous wastes pose serious risks to people and the environment if not adequately controlled. Hazardous wastes can include poisonous byproducts of manufacturing, farming, construction, health care, medical research, and other industries. Non-hazardous wastes can still be very harmful to wildlife as well as communities as they pile up in landfills, polluting the soil and releasing methane as well as other chemicals over time. Besides generating waste as byproducts, other activities also put pressure on terrestrial resources such as logging, mining, and farming.
Companies bear direct responsibility for their waste from production as well as the end-of-life of products, and can establish waste management systems in order to minimize or prevent the production of solid waste. Responsible firms consider the resource efficiency of their products along with packaging materials. Many solid wastes such as paper or plastic can be recycled. Responsible siting can reduce the danger of habitat splitting, pollution, and wildlife exposure to hazardous waste.